Hazardous Goods

Definition of Hazardous Goods

Any substances which may cause injury, ill health or death of a human by reason of their toxic, corrosive, irritants, strongly sensitizing or flammable nature, are considered flammable goods. 

Transport of dangerous goods Act

The South African Standard on the transport of dangerous goods was approved by the National Committee SABSSC 1060C. The Standard includes hazardous chemicals, dangerous goods waste. Packaging should be in accordance with procedures of the SABS Standards, Division in compliance with Annex 3 of the WTO/TBT agreement where the department of transport had to comply in terms of the National Road and Safety Act. The SANS document by reference forms part of the regulation incorporating standard specifications in to the National Road Traffic Regulations, as published by Government Notice no 1249 (Government Gazette 22872) of 30 November 2001. Imported dangerous goods that arrive by air and that are packed in accordance with the ICAO, (Technical instructions for the safe transport of dangerous goods by air) or the IATA (Dangerous goods regulations), or arrive by sea and are packed in accordance with the IMDG or IMO, are acceptable for inland transport by road or rail. \

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Classification

Hazardous good can be divided in to the following three categories namely:
1. Toxic substances
2. Flammable substances
3. Explosives

Under these categories there are the following classes:
Class 1 – Explosives
Class 2 – Gasses
Class 3 – Flammable liquids
Class 4 – Flammable solids

Classes

1 Explosives: Items such as cartridges, pyrotechnics, fireworks and rockets that have a blast or projection hazard
2.1 Flammable Gas: Gases which ignite on contact with an ignition source
2.2 Non-Flammable Gases: Gases which are neither flammable nor poisonous
2.3 Poisonous Gases: Gases liable to cause death or serious injury to human health if inhaled
3 Flammable Liquids: Liquids that are easily ignited when exposed to a heat source
4.1 Flammable Solids: Solid substances that can be easily ignited and are therefore, readily combustible
4.2 Spontaneously Combustible: Solid substances that ignite spontaneously
4.3 Dangerous when Wet: Solid substances that emit a flammable gas when wet or react violently with water
5.1 Oxidizing agents other than organic peroxides
5.2 Organic peroxides, either in liquid or solid form
6.1 Toxic substances which are liable to cause death or serious injury to human health if inhaled, swallowed or by skin absorption
6.2 Bio-hazardous substances; the World Health Organization (WHO) divides this class into two categories: Category A: Infectious; and Category B: Samples (virus cultures, pathology specimens, used intravenous needles etc.).
7 Radioactive substances comprise substances or a combination of substances which emit ionizing radiation
8 Corrosive substances are substances that can dissolve organic tissue or severely corrode certain metals
9 Hazardous substances that do not fall into the other categories (asbestos, air-bag inflators, self-inflating life rafts, dry ice)


Conclusion

The transport of dangerous goods needs to be strictly regulated in order to prevent, as far as possible, accidents to persons or property and damage or contamination of our environment. Compounds substances or articles of a Hazardous nature must by Law be treated and transported with extra care and attention. Staff at Hazardous Freighting Companies handling Hazardous or dangerous goods, must be highly trained and experienced. In this site we have chosen the five leading Companies in this field that are in accordance with all applicable transport regulations and are fully experienced in handling all the challenges in this field.