Freight Express Services

Definition of freight

Freight is goods carried by a vessel or vehicle, especially by a commercial carrier; cargo. It is the commercial transportation of heavy goods also called Freightage. It is to convey commercially as cargo. The loading of heavy items in order to transport them.  Read more about - Courier Logistics and Freight Services

History of freight services

In our history, the first logistical solution to heavy consignments or freight was human power. Hands, shoulders, heads and hips were used to carry heavy objects. Sticks were also used to pick up heavy objects and carrying objects between two people. For less coherent loads they used two wicker baskets hung from the shoulders by rope or one carried on the head. Such people powered power techniques are still up to today used in Countries like Asia and Africa, quite effectively. When loads that needed to be moved became too heavy for human strength, they started using animal power. Wicker baskets where placed on cattle to produce the first pack animals. The domestication of large animals probably occurred 7000BC and for most of the history of the world’s roadway system, domestic animals such as cattle, donkey’s, oxen and horses operated as the sole source of transport. The next stage of transport development came when people started using rollers under sleds or travois that would reduce the friction of dragging. These devises where commonly called truck or truckle carts and where widely used by a number of societies. These transport issues were probably the demands which led to the invention of the first wheel in the Middle East around 5000B.C. Two wheeled carts based on the A-frame with the draught animals at the apex and the axel forming the cross bar were the first devises to be constructed. These two wheeled carts became widely popular as improvements were made on the design and horses and donkeys where commonly used to pull it. A four wheeled wagon was created by the Germans, but as it was much heavier, it could only be pulled by oxen. Over a day a horse would produce a constant energy output no matter how hard it worked and over what distance. The well-known horse power unit was first calculated by James Watt and was based on the assumption that a strong 0.7t horse travelling over a short time at 3.7km/h could pull a cart with a travice force of one tenth of its weight, i.e of 0.75 x 0.1 x 9.8 =735N, which gives you a power output of 735x3.7/3.6=746W or one horse power. Over a full day the same horse can only produce 500W. Because of the low load capacity this means of transport was very expensive over long distances and so for a long period in history the boat and the barge have been the most cost effective way to transport or move freight. The load that a vehicle can carry is of vital importance to the Carrier, however for the road managers of that time the key question was, the load and the pressure that each individual wheel applies on the road. In addition to reduce both its weight and the rolling resistance over good surfaces, the hauler needs a narrow wheel or tire whereas the road manager requires a large tire contact area to preserve the road. Thus the debate on the maximum load to be carried and the width of the tires has been a long ongoing. The earliest recorded road limits date from 50B.C when the romans restricted vehicle loads to approximately 250kg. In 438A.D their Theodosian code set the limit at 750kg for an ox-drawn wagon, 500kg for a horse drawn wagon and 100kg for a cart. The pace of change was slow in this matter. In 1622 England prohibited loads greater than 1ton being carried by any vehicle operating in winter. The first mobile steam engine was produced by Ransomes in 1842. In 1870 Rooks Crompton used rubber tired steam engines to pull long strings of wagons. Daimlar-Renard built the first IC-Truck in 1891 by slinging and engine under the tray of a Daimler Riemen wagon’s chassis. He had the bulk of the market in trucking up until the 1900’s, which included selling trucks to the French Military who used these vehicles in the Boer war between 1899 and 1902. 

Conclusion

The means of transporting freight have developed over many millenniums to meet the demands of a rapid developing social and economic society. Since the invention of trucks, road transport have captured much of the freight market, yielding to railways and canals only on long bulk hauls and to air only in high speed, long distance delivery. As the pressure increased in society as well as the competition in competitive markets so did the demand for prompt and timely service delivery of heavier consignments. Freighting express promises you the same delivery standard as the Courier Companies, they just specialize in heavier consignments and are most cost effective in the 10kg – 10tons range. Freight Express Companies have a large variety of clients using them on a daily basis for booked, random or emergency collections to be delivered overnight, or over further distances 48 – 72 hour time period. We have selected the five best leaders in their field that have the largest footprint nationally, we have also selected Companies for you that have an International footprint. You can know at your convenience choose from the best freighting Express Companies, who you want to partner with to give you the service advantage in your Company or business.